Provincial laws regulate safety through compliance with safety codes. Knowing these codes, how to find them, and how to implement them accurately, can be extremely time consuming. While we are not providing you with a history of Canada's provincial government, we will help you navigate through the regulatory environment for your combustible energy systems. ENEFEN's President, Jozef Jachniak, P.Eng, has spent the last 32 years learning compliance codes while partnering with provincial and municipal regulators to create greater appliance efficiency and a safer work environment for Canadians. The following organizations and businesses, based nationally or by province, play key roles in the establishment and implementation of safety and compliance regulation.
The Standards Council of Canada (SCC) has a mandate to promote efficient and effective standardization in Canada. It reports to Parliament and oversees Canada's National Standards System. The SCC is also Canada's national accreditation body. It accredits testing and calibration laboratories, medical laboratories, inspection bodies, greenhouse-gas verifiers and validators, and organizations that develop standards. SCC also accredits organizations that certify persons, as well as those that certify conformity of products, processes, systems and services. The SCC accreditation is based on internationally recognized criteria so it provides credibitlity in products, systems and services both in Canada and abroad. Regulatory Advisory Councils exist because certification bodies accredited by the SCC must establish working relationships with applicable Canadian regulatory authorities in their field.
The Inter-provincial Gas Advisory Committee (IGAC) is an influential body in the regulation and development of the gas codes. Responsbility for gas safety rests with the provinces and territories. In Canada, every province and territory adopts and enforces the same gas code, CAN/CSA-B149 Series of Codes. This responsibility normally covers the installation of natural gas appliances, equipment, components, and accessories where gas is to be used for fuel purposes and propane storage/handling. Oilfield inspectors often belong to this committee.
The National Energy Board (NEB) regulates the international and interprovincial aspects of the oil, gas and electric utility industries. The purpose of the NEB is to promote safety and security, environmental protection, and efficient energy infrastructure and markets in the Canadian public interest within the mandate set by Parliament in the regulation of pipelines, energy development and trade.
The Canadian Energy Research Institute (CERI) is an independent, not-for-profit research establishment created through a partnership of industry, academia, and government in 1975. Their mission is to provide relevant, independent, objective economic research in energy and related environmental issues. They strive to build bridges between scholarship and policy, combining the insights of scientific research, economic analysis, and practical experience.
Established in 1978, Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), a not-for-profit federal department corporation, is governed by a tripartite Council - representing government, employers and labour - to ensure a balanced, approach to workplace health and safety issues. Its mandate is to promote workplace health and safety, and encourage attitudes and methods that will lead to improved worker physical and mental health.
Enform, the safety association for Canada’s upstream oil and gas industry, is the advocate and leading resource for the continuous improvement of industry’s safety performance. Established by industry for industry, Enform helps companies achieve their safety goals by promoting shared safety practices and providing effective training, expert audit services and professional advice. Our vision is no work-related incidents or injuries in the Canadian upstream oil and gas industry
The CSA Group is a not-for-profit membership-based association serving business, industry, government and consumers in Canada and the global marketplace. They work in Canada and around the world to develop standards, such as enhancing public safety and health. The Canadian Standards Association Online Store allows you to order standards and implementation tools such as handbooks, guidelines and “Smart” Standards in a variety of formats including hardcopy, PDF and CD-ROM.
Municipalities have codes as well, and Alberta has a Safety Codes Council. Since 1993, the Safety Codes Council is responsible for all aspects of the safety system, including accrediting the municipalities, corporations and agencies that sell permits and inspect the work carried out under these permits; certifying and training Safety Codes Officers who do the inspections; administering the Alberta Master Electrician Program, developing, enhancing and supporting Information Technology safety system applications. The council derives its authortiy from the Safety Codes Act with responsibility to promote uniform safety standards.
The Alberta Boilers Safety Association (ABSA), a pressure equipment safety authority, is authorized by the Alberta Government for the administration and delivery of safety programs related to boilers, pressure vessels and pressure piping systems in Alberta. These safety programs are provided to ensure public safety and include the complete life cycle of boilers, pressure vessels and pressure piping systems. The Safety Codes Act allows an ABSA Safety Codes Officer to inspect a boiler or pressure vessel. ABSA is also responsible for the certification of pressure welders, inspectors and power engineers for the operation of a power or heating boiler.
BC Safety Authority is an independent, self-funded organization mandated to oversee the safe installation and operation of technical systems and equipment in British Columbia. In addition to issuing permits, licences and certificates, we work with industry to reduce safety risks through assessment, education and outreach, enforcement, and research.
The BC Oil and Gas Commission is an independent, single-window regulatory agency with responsibilities for overseeing oil and gas operations in British Columbia, including exploration, development, pipeline transportation and reclamation. Created as a Crown Corporation through the enactment of the Oil and Gas Commission Act, in October 2010, the Commission transitioned to the Oil and Gas Activities Act. This regulatory model is designed to provide a streamlined one-stop regulatory agency. The Commission’s core roles include reviewing and assessing applications for industry activity, consulting with First Nations, ensuring industry complies with provincial legislation and cooperating with partner agencies. The public interest is protected through the objectives of ensuring public safety, protecting the environment, conserving petroleum resources and ensuring equitable participation in production. Regulatory responsibility of the Commission extends from the exploration and development phases, through to facilities operation and ultimately decommissioning. It is charged with balancing a broad range of environmental, economic and social considerations.
Crown Investments Corporation(commonly known as CIC) is the holding company used by the Government of Saskatchewan to manage their Crown Corporations. CIC started out as the Government Finance Office (GFO) in 1947. Its job was to manage, direct investment, and return dividends of the various crown corporations to the Government. The profits from the crown corporations was reinvested in others, or given back to the government. GFO was also used to invest government money into the various Crowns. In 1978, the name was changed to Crown Investment Corporation. CIC Owns SaskPower.
SaskPower is a Crown Investment company. Their mission is to provide safe, reliable and sustainable power for our customers. In 1949 the Saskatchewan Power Commission became Saskatchewan Power Corporation, a Crown corporation.
The Technical Safety Authority of Sasketchewan (TSASK) delivers programs and services to ensure the safe construction and operation of boilers, pressure vessels, elevating devices and amusement rides. It is their responsibility to ensure legislated safety standards related to these areas are met. TSASK was established on July 1, 2010 to perform most functions previously done by the Ministry of Corrections Public Safety and Policing, Licensing and Inspection Branch.
Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA) is a not-for-profit, self-funded organization dedicated to enhancing public safety. With headquarters in Toronto, TSSA is governed by a 13-member board of directors. TSSA is accountable to the Ontario government, the residents of Ontario and its other stakeholders. Under TSSA's Boilers and Pressure Vessels (BPV) Safety Program, TSSA regulates all pressure-retaining components manufactured or used in Ontario. Our staff inspects pressure equipment during the manufacturing process and again after it has become operational. TSSA registers the designs of equipment in accordance with recognized codes and standards.
ASTM International, formerly known as the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM), is a globally recognized leader in the development and delivery of international voluntary consensus standards. Today, some 12,000 ASTM standards are used around the world to improve product quality, enhance safety, facilitate market access and trade, and build consumer confidence. ASTM standards are referenced in Canadian federal legislation. ASTM International was recently accredited by Standards Council of Canada and has established an office in Ottawa.
New Rules Apply Stiff Penalties For Gas-Use Safety Code Violations
This article, first published by OilWeek March 2004, explains the changes to the gas safety codes and the misconceptions of what gas fired equipment entails. One of the common misconceptions was clarified: "It is the function of an appliance which determines the applicability of the B149 Code and not its location in the refinery."
Submitted by Jozef Jachniak, P.Eng., President of ENEFEN